Section A (30 points)
Directions: There are 2 passages in this part. Each passage is followed by
some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are 4 choices
marked A, B, C and D. You are required to choose the ONE that best fits into the
statement. Mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line
through the centre.
Questions 11-15 are based on the following passage
Whether in the home or in the workplace, social robots are going to become
a lot more common in the next few years. Social robots are about to bring
technology to the everyday world in a more humanized way, said Cynthia Breazeal,
chief scientist at the robot company Jibo.
While household robots today do the normal housework, social robots will be
much more like companions than mere tools. For example, these robots will be
able to distinguish whether someone is happy or sad. This allows them to respond
more appropriately to the users.
The Jibo robot, arranged to ship later this year, is designed to be a
personalized assistant. You can talk to the robot, ask it questions, and make
requests for it to perform different tasks. The robot doesn’t just deliver
general answers to questions; it responds based on what it learns about each
individual in the household. It can do things such as reminding an elderly
family member to take medicine or take family photos.
Social robots are not just finding their way into the home. They have
potential applications in everything from education to health care and are
already finding their way into some of these spaces.
Fellow Robot is one company bringing social robots to the market. The
company’s “Oshbot” robot is built to assist customers in a store, which can help
the customers find items and help guide them to the product’s location in the
store. It can also speak different languages and make recommendations for
different items based on what the customer is shopping for.
The more interaction the robot has with humans, the more it learns. But
Oshbot, like other social robots, is not intended to replace workers, but to
work alongside other employees. “We have technologies to train social robots to
do things not for us, but with us,” said Breazeal.
11. How are social robots different from household robots?
A. They can control their emotions.
B. They are more like humans.
C. They do the normal housework.
D. They respond to users more slowly.
12. What can a Jibo robot do according to Paragraph 3?
A. Communicate with you and perform operations.
B. Answer your questions and make requests.
C. Take your family pictures and deliver milk.
D. Obey your orders and remind you to take pills.
13. What can Oshbot work as?
A. A language teacher. B. A tour guide.
C. A shop assistant. D. A private nurse.
14. We can learn from the last paragraph that social robots will .
A. train employees B. be our workmates
C. improve technologies D. take the place of workers
15. What does the passage mainly present?
A. A new design idea of household robots.
B. Marketing strategies for social robots.
C. Information on household robots.
D. An introduction to social robots.
Questions 16-20 are based on the following p assage
From the very beginning of school we make books and reading a constant
source of possible failure and public humiliation. When children are little, we
make them read aloud before the teacher and other children, so that we can be
sure they "know" all the words they are reading. This means that when they don't
know a word, they are going to make a mistake, right in front of everyone. After
having taught fifth-grade classes for four years, I decided to try at all costs
to rid them of their fear and dislike of books, and to get them to read oftener
and more adventurously.
One day soon after school had started, I said to them, "Now I'm going to
say something about reading that you have probably never heard a teacher say
before. I would like you to read a lot of books this year, but I want you to
read them only for pleasure. I am not going to ask you questions to find out
whether you understand the books or not. If you understand enough of a book to
enjoy it and want to go on reading it, that's enough for me. Also I’m not going
to ask you what words mean. "
The children sat stunned and silent. Was this a teacher talking? One girl,
who had just come to us from a school where she had had a very hard time, looked
at me steadily for a long time after I had finished. Then, still looking at me,
she said slowly and seriously, "Mr. Holt, do you really mean that?" I said just
as seriously, "I mean every word of it."
During the spring she really astonished me. One day, she was reading at her
desk. From a glimpse of the illustrations, I thought I knew what the book was. I
said to myself, "It can't be," and went to take a closer look. Sure enough, she
was reading Moby Dick, in edition with woodcuts. I said, "Don't you find parts
of it rather heavy going?" She answered, “Oh, sure, but I just skip over those
parts and go on to the next good part."
This is exactly what reading should be and in school so seldom is an
exciting, joyous adventure. Find something, dive into it, take the good parts,
skip the bad parts, get what you can out of it, go on to something else. How
different is our mean-spirited, picky insistence that every child get every last
little scrap of "understanding" that can be dug out of a book.
16. According to the passage, children's fear and dislike of books may
A. reading little and thinking little
B. reading often and adventurously
C. being made to read too much
D. being made to read aloud before others
17. This teacher in the passage told his students to read
A. for enjoyment B. for knowledge
C. for a larger vocabulary D. for higher scores in exams
18. Upon hearing the teacher's talk, the children probably felt that
A. it sounded stupid
B. it was not surprising at all
C. it sounded too good to be true
D. it was no different from other teachers' talk
19. Which of the following statements about the girl is TRUE according to
A. She skipped over those easy parts while reading.
B. She had a hard time finishing the required reading tasks.
C. She learned to appreciate some parts of the difficult books.
D. She turned out to be a bad student after coming to this school.
20. From this teacher's point of view,
A. children cannot tell good parts from bad parts while reading
B. children should be left to decide what to read and how to read
C. reading is never a pleasant and inspiring experience in school
D. reading involves understanding every little piece of information
Section B (20 points)
Directions: In this section there is a passage with ten blanks. You are
required to select one word for each blank from a list of choices given in a
word bank following the passage. Read the passage through carefully before
making your choices. Each choice in the bank is identified by a letter. Please
mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the
centre. You may not use any of the words in the bank more than once.
“Don’t take many English courses; they won’t help you get a decent job.”
“Sign up for management classes, so you’ll be ready to join the family business
when you graduate.”
Sound 21 ? Many of us have heard suggestions like these put forward by
parents or others close to us. Such comments often seem quite reasonable. Why,
then, should suggestions like these be 22 with caution? The reason is that they
relate to decisions you should make. You are the one who must 23 with their
One of the worst reasons to follow a particular path in life is that other
people want you to. Decisions that affect your life should be your decisions—
decisions you make 24 you’ve considered various alternatives and chosen the path
that suits you best.
Making your own decisions does not mean that you should 25 the suggestions
of others. For instance, your parents do have their own unique experiences that
may make their advice helpful, and 26 participated in a great deal of your
personal history, they may have a clear view of your 27 and weaknesses. Still
their views are not necessarily accurate. They may still see you as a child, in
need of care and protection. Or they may see only your strengths. Or, in some 28 cases, they may focus only on your flaws and 29 .
People will always be giving you advice. 30 , though, you have to make your