I. Phonetics (5 points)
Directions: In each of the following groups of words, there are 4 underlined letters or letter combinations marked A, B, C and D. Compare the underlined parts and identify the ONE that is different from the others in pronunciation. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre.
1. A. party B. army C. warm D. farming
2. A .though B. path C. method D. thank
3. A. hour B. honesty C. honor D. hire
4. A. husband B. system C. society D. insist
5. A. pride B. design C. slight D. issue
II. Situational Dialogues (10 points)
Directions: In this section there is a long conversation with 5 missing sentences. At the end of the conversation, there is a list of given choices. You are required to select the ONE that best fits into the conversation. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center. Note that there are two additional choices and you can not use any of the choices in the list more than once.
—We hear so much about exercises these days. So even experts can’ t agree on which exercises are best. Now some doctors are strongly encouraging arm exercises.
—Arm exercises? 6
— 7 They say that arm exercises are a way to become physically healthy.
—But don’ t arm exercises raise your blood pressure?
—Yes. But the articles I read supply ways to make up for that.
—By adding leg exercises, so that the arms don’ t do all the work.
—Sounds right to me. I quite agree with you.
—They mentioned quite a few, but some of the popular ones are cycling with special bicycles that make you use both your arms and legs.
— 10 So I’ d like to have a try.
—The same with me.
A. So what exercises do the experts suggest?
B. The more leg exercises you do, the better you are.
C. And in turn I’ m sure that they’ re also a good chance of losing weight.
D. Actually that’ s not the main reason.
E. What’ s your opinion about this?
F. Is that because our arms are too fat or soft?
G. I can hardly believe it.
Ⅲ. Reading Comprehension (50 points)
Section A (30 points)
Directions: There are 2 passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. You are required to choose the ONE that best fits into the statement. Mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
Questions 11-15 are based on the following passage.
Scientists claim that air pollution causes a decline in the world's average air temperature. In order to prove that theory, ecologists have turned to historical data in relation to especially huge volcanic eruptions. They suspect that volcanoes affect weather change that are similar to air pollution.
One source of information is the effect of the eruption of Tambura, a volcano in Sumbawa, the Dutch East Indian, in April 1815. The largest recorded volcanic eruption, Tambura threw 150 million tons of fine ash into the stratosphere(平流层). The ash from a volcano spreads worldwide in a few days and remains in the air for years. Its effect is to turn incoming solar radiation into space and thus cool the earth. For example, records of weather in England show that between April and November 1815, the average temperature had fallen 4.5. During the next twenty four months, England suffered one of the coldest periods of its history. Farmers' records from April 1815 to December 1818 indicate frost throughout the spring and summer and sharp decreases in crop and livestock markets. Since there was a time lag(滞后)of several years between cause and effect, by the time the world agricultural commodity community had deteriorated, no one realized the cause.
Ecologists today warn that we face a twofold menace. The ever present possibility of volcanic eruptions, such as that of Mr. St. Helens in Washington, added to man's pollution of the atmosphere with oil, gas, coal, and other polluting substances, may bring us increasingly colder weather.
11. It is believed that the earth gets colder when ________.
A. volcanoes erupt
B. the air is polluted by modern man
C. the rays of the sun are turned into space
D. all of the above
12. The effects of Tambura 's eruption were ________.
A. felt mainly in the Dutch East Indian
B. of several day's duration worldwide
C. evidence of pollution's cooling the earth
D. immediately evident to the world's scientists
13. The cause of cold weather in England from 1815 to 1818 was ________.
A. decreased crop and livestock production
B. volcanic ash in the atmosphere
C. pollution caused by the Industrial Revolution
D. its proximity to the North sea
14. No one realized the cause of the deterioration of the world agricultural commodity market because ________.
A. there was a long delay between cause and effect
B. the weather is beyond our comprehension
C. weather forecasts were inaccurate
D. ecologists didn't exist until modern times
15. If, as some scientists predict, the world ends in ice, what might be the cause?
A. Modern man's pollution of the air.
B. Volcanic eruptions.
C. Obliteration (破坏) of solar radiation.
D. All of the above.
Questions 16-20 are based on the following passage.
It is difficult to estimate the number of youngsters involved in home schooling, where children are not sent to school and receive their formal education from one or both parents. Legislation and court decisions have make it legally possible in most states for parents to educate their children at home, and each year more people take advantage of that opportunity.
Supporters of home education claim that it is less expensive and far more efficient than mass public education. Moreover they quote several merits: relief of school overcrowding, added curricular and pedagogical (课程和教学法) alternatives, strengthened family relationships, lower dropout rates, increased motivation, higher standardized test scores, and reduced discipline problems. Supporters of home schooling also believe that it provides the parents with the opportunity to reinforce their moral values through education.
Critics of home schooling movement claim that it creates as many problems as it solves. They acknowledge that, in a few cases, home schooling offers educational opportunities superior to those found in most public schools, but few parents can provide such educational advantages. Some parents who withdraw their children from the schools in favor of home schooling have an inadequate educational background and insufficient formal training to provide a satisfactory education for their children. Typically, parents have fewer, not more technological resources available than do schools. However, the relatively inexpensive computer technology that is readily available today is causing some to challenge the notion that home schooling is in any way not so good as more highly structured classroom education.
Finally, a sociological (社会学) concern is the restricted social interaction experienced by children who are educated at home. Technology will never replace the pupil-teacher relationship. Also, while relationships with parents and brothers and sisters may be improved, children taught at home may develop a distorted (歪曲的) view of society.
16. The main idea of the passage is that .
A. more and more parents are in favor of home schooling
B. home schooling is superior to school education because it has been legally approved
C. though home schooling has its advantages, it creates as many new problems at the same time
D. school education is no doubt better than home education
17. Those who support home schooling think that .
A. it’s less expensive and more efficient apart from other merits
B. it has added curricular and pedagogical alternatives
C. it will cause fewer discipline problems
D. it’s more important to reinforce moral values
18. Critics believe that .
A. few parents can afford computers and technology when providing home education
B. few parents are qualified enough to provide a satisfactory home education
C. school teachers are better than parents
D. classroom environment can provide most satisfactory education
19. According to the author, home schooling cannot help children .
A. acquire social knowledge
B. build up a relationship with family members
C. build up pupil-teacher relationship
D. develop a right view of society
20. The attitude of the author toward home schooling is .
B. totally positive
C. totally negative
Section B (20 points)
Directions: In this section, there is a passage with 10 blanks. You are required to select one word each blank from a list of choices given in a word bank following the passage. Read the passage through carefully before making your choice. Each choice in blank is identified by a letter. Please mark the corresponding letter for each item on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center. You may not use any of the words in the bank more than once.
Hard work, stress, failure, life will serve you plenty of reasons to be 21 . But the time to take control and be a little happier has come! It doesn’t 22 what difficulties you need to face. You only have one life, and you’d better make the most of it. The good news is that you can make yourself feel great very easily. Check out the tips below!
Take a few minutes to listen to a song you love. Sing along if there’s no 23 to get thrown out of the window by angry listeners!
Have you noticed what a positive influence good weather has on our mood? It’s magic! So take advantage of this and when you feel down, check the window! Do you see a round and yellow smiling face watching you? If so, 24 everything and enjoy the sun for 10 minutes.
Eat chocolate. This tip may raise some eyebrows. Instead of something to do every day, you can get your 25 chocolate and eat it as much as you like from time to time. Forget about weight and simply enjoy a sweet moment in time.
Do you always 26 the rules? Well, it’s time to get out of your comfort area and do something crazy something that you don’t usually do, but that you 27 want to do. Or at least plan it. Don’t worry: imagination causes nothing.
Run as fast as you can. If you’re sick, don’t try this, and do some other kinds of 28 you are comfortable with. After running you will feel better.
These are just a few ideas to get you started. However, I kept the biggest tip for the end: don’t look for reasons to smile 29 , but inside yourself. Better yet, if you can’t find any reasons, create one! It only 30 a few minutes.
A. number D. unhappy G. helped J. collecting M. secretly
B. activities E. outside H. takes K. matter N. achievement
C. danger F. follow I. favorite L. government O. drop
IV. Cloze (20 points)
Directions: There are 10 blanks in the following passage. For each blank there are four choices marked A,B,C and D. You are required to choose the ONE that best fits into the passage. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
A land free from destruction, plus wealth, natural resources, and labor supply—all these were important 31 in helping England to become the center for the Industrial Revolution. 32 they were not enough. Something 33 was needed to start the industrial process. That “something special” was men—creative individuals who could invent machines, find new sources of power, and establish business organizations to reshape society.
The men who 34 the machines of the Industrial Revolution 35 from many backgrounds and many occupations. Many of them were more inventors than scientists. A man who is a pure scientist is primarily interested in doing his research accurately. He is not necessarily working 36 that his findings can be used.
An inventor or one interested in applied science is all trying to make something that has a concrete use. He may try to solve a problem by 37 the theories of science or by experimenting through trial and error. Regardless of his method, he is working to obtain a specific result: the construction of a harvesting machine, the burning of a light bulb, or one of 38 other objectives.
Most of the people who 39 the machines of the Industrial Revolution were inventors, not trained scientists. A few were both scientists and inventors. Even those who had 40 or no training in science might not have made their inventions if a groundwork had not been laid by scientists years before.
31.A.cases B. reasons C. factors D. situations
32.A.But B. And C. Besides D. Even
33.A.else B. near C. extra D. similar
34.A.employed B. created C. operated D. controlled
35.A.came B. arrived C. stemmed D. appeared
36.A.now B. and C. all D. so
37.A.planning B. using C. idea D. means
38.A.few B. those C. many D. all
39.A.proposed B. developed C. supplied D. offered
40.A.little B. much C. some D. any
V. Writing (15 points)
Directions: In this part you are required to write a composition entitled Drunk Driving in no less than 120 words according to the following Chinese outline. Please remember to write it on the Composition Sheet.