I. Phonetics (5 points)
Directions: In each of the following groups of words, there are four underlined letters or letter combinations marked A, B, C and D. Compare the underlined parts and identify the one that is different from the others in pronunciation. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
1. A) measureB) heavyC) pleasantD)great
2. A) expectB) exactC) exampleD) exempt
3. A) toolB) bloodC) shootD) fool
4. A) hourB) ghostC) hotelD) honest
5. A) wonderedB) shoutedC) frightenedD) stayed
II. Situational Dialogues (10 points)
Directions: In this section there is a long conversation with 5 missing sentences. At the end of the conversation, there is a list of given choices. You are required to select the ONE that best fits into the conversation. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center. Note that there are two additional choices and you can not use any of the choices in the list more than once.
Mike : Good morning! 6 ?
Tom: Yes, may I see your production manager. Mr. Smith, please?
Mike: I am sorry. Mr. Smith is 7 .
Tom: Well, I'd like to make an appointment to see him sometime next week.
Mike: 8 . Yes, Mr. Smith doesn't see to be busy on Tuesday morning and Friday
Tom: 9 .
Mike: Would 9:30 be convenient?
Tom: Yes, that ,ll be fine.
Mike: I,ll make a note of that. 10 ?
Tom: Yes, this is my name card. You can contact me any day.
Tom: Thank you very much! Goodbye!
A) Yes, he does.
B) Could I make an appointment for Tuesday morning?
C) Can I help you?
D) May I have your name, please?
E) out on business today.
F) It won't be long.
G) Let me check Mr. Smith's diary.
III. Reading Comprehension (50 points)
Section A (30 points)
Directions: There are two passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. You are required to choose the ONE that best fits into the statement. Mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
You hear this; "No wonder you are fat. All you ever do is eatJ'You feel sad." I skip my breakfast and supper. I run every morning and evening.What else can I do?" Basically you can do nothing. Your genes,not your life habits, determine your weight and your body constantly tries to maintain it.
How can obese people become normal or even thin through dieting? Well, dieting can be effective, but the health costs are tremendous. Jules Hirsch, a research physician
at Rockefeller University, did a study of eight fat people. They were given a liquid
formula providing 600 calories a day. After more than 10 weeks,the subjects lost 45kg on
average. But after leaving the hospital, they all regained. The results were surprising; by
metabolic measurement, fat people who lost large amounts of weight seemed like they
were starving. They had psychiatric problems. They dreamed of food or breaking their
diet. They were anxious and depressed; some were suicidal. They hid food in their rooms.
Researchers warn that it is possible that weight reduction doesn't result in normal
weight, but in an abnormal state resembling that of starved non-obese people.
Thin people, however, suffer from the opposite: They have to make a great effort to gain weight. Ethan Sims, of the University of Vermont, got prisoners to volunteer to gain weight. In four to six months, they ate as much as they could. They succeeded in increasing their weight by 20 to 25 percent. But months after the study ended, they were back to normal weight and stayed there.
This did not mean that people are completely without hope in controlling their weight. It means that those who tend to be fat will have to constantly battle their genetic inheritance if they want to significantly lower their weight.
The findings also provide evidence for something scientists thought was true-each person has a comfortable weight range. The range might be as much as 9kg. Someone might weigh 60-69kg without too much effort. But going above or below the natural weight range is difficult. The body resists by feeling hungry or full and changing the metabolism to push the weight back to the range it seeks.
11. What determines your weight according to the first paragraph?
A) Your working manner.
B) Your eating habit.
C) Your life style.
D) Your genes.
12. What did Jules Hirsch do to the ten fat people in his research?
A) He let them live only on liquid food.
B) He let them skip breakfast.
C) He let them run every morning and evening.
D) He let them skip supper.
13. What happened to the ten fat people after they left the hospital?
A) They went mad.
B) They killed themselves.
C) They were back to the original weight.
D) They attempted suicide.
14. Ethan Sims made his subjects
A) battle their genetic inheritance.
B) eat as much as they could.
C) suffer from hunger.
D) lower their weight.
15. What did scientist think was true?
A) Each person wants to eat to his or her heart's content.
B) Each person has a weight ranger of 9kg.
C) Each person wants to control his or weight.
D) Each person has a suitable weight range.
Many people believe the glare from snow causes snow blindness. Yet, dark glasses or not, they find themselves suffering from headaches and watering eyes, and even snow blindness, when exposed to several hours of "snow light".
The United States Army has now determined that glare from snow does not cause snow blindness in troops in a snow-covered country. Rather, A man's eyes frequently find nothing to focus on in a broad expanse of barren snow-covered terrain. So his gaze continually shifts and jumps back and forth over the entire landscape in search of something to look at. Finding nothing, hour after hour; the eyes never stop searching and eyeballs become sore and the eye muscles ache. Nature offsets this irritation by producing more and more fluid which covers the eyeball. The fluid covers the eyeball in increasing quantity until vision blurs, and then is obscured, and the result is total, even though temporary, snow blindness.
Experiments led the Army to a simple method of overcoming this problem. Scouts ahead of a main body of troops are trained to shake snow from evergreen bushes,
creating a dotted line as they cross completely snow-covered landscape. Even the scouts themselves throw lightweight, dark colored objects ahead on which they too can focus. The men following can then see something. Their gaze is arrested. Their eyes focus on a bush and have something to see, Stop scouring the snow-blanketed landscape. By focusing their attention on one object at a time, the men can cross the snow without becoming hopelessly snow blind or lost. In this way the problem of crossing a solid white terrain is overcome.
16. To prevent headaches, watering eyes and blindness caused by the glare from snow, dark glasses are .
17. When the eyes ache, tears are produced to .
A) clear the vision
B) remedy snow blindness
C) ease the irritation
D) loosen the muscles
18. Snow blindness may be avoided by .
A) concentrating to the solid white terrain
B) searching for something to look at in snow-covered terrain
C) providing the eyes with something to focus on
D) covering the eyeballs with fluid
19. The scouts shake snow from evergreen bushes in order to .
A) leave the men behind something to see
B) beautify the landscape
C) warm themselves in the cold
D) prevent the men behind from losing their way
20. A suitable title for this passage would be .
A) Snow Blindness and How to Overcome It
B) Nature's Cure for Snow Blindness
C) Soldiers in the Snow
D) Snow Vision
Section B (20 points)
Directions: in this section, there is a passage with ten blanks. You are required to select one word each blank from a list of choices given in a word bank following the passage. Read the passage through carefully before making your choice. Each choice in blank is identified by a letter. Please mark the corresponding letter for each item on the answer sheet with a single line through the center, you may not use any of the words in the bank more than once.
It is common for new students to share a room with other university students. The number of roommates will depend upon the university, but will range 21 from one to three. The most 22 setting is for two students to share one room. The room will have beds, desks, closets and storage drawers for personal items. The furnishings will be plain but adequate.
A key to 23 in your studies is a good understanding and a positive relationship with your roommate. You will need to learn your roommate's 24 and activities in order to have a positive experience from the beginning. Your roommate may become your close friend or you may not spend much time together. It all depends on you and your roommate. Respect your roommate's possessions and privacy and 25 your roommate to do the same for you. Some roommates are very 26
and some are not. A good rule to go 27 is "If you value something, keep it out of sight and under lock and key." This will keep your roommate 28 being to take something that belongs to you.
If you discover that your schedule and your roommate's schedule 29 and you have little time to study, you will find the library a nice quiet place to get away and study. Some 30 are not very quiet and if you need a quiet place to study, you may need to go to the library.
A) by E) anywhere I) schedule M) intimate
B) loyal F) truthfully J) success N) charged
C) succeed G) dormitories K) conflict 0) from
D) ask H) trustworthy L) common
IV. Cloze (20 points)
Directions: There are 10 blanks in the following passage. For each blank there are four choices marked A,B,C and D. You are required to choose the ONE that best fits into the passage. Then mark the corresponding letter on the answer sheet with a single line through the center.
Enough sleep is important to health. The amount of sleep 31 depends on the age of the person and the conditions in which sleep takes place. The young may need more sleep than the old, but 32 eight hours are enough for the health of grown-ups. Some can do with less than this amount, but 33 may need more. Every person knows his own need. It is then a matter of good judgment to satisfy his need. Sleep should always be enough to make one bring back his strength and get ready for a 34 work.
Fresh air is necessary to sound sleep. It is not 35 reason for some people to think that it is practicable to sleep in the open air. 36 one can keep himself warm, out-of-door sleeping probably gives the body 37 complete relaxation.
Ability to sleep is largely a habit. The conditions referred to only lead to sleep. Out-of-door exercises, a good habit of regular drinking and the avoidance of late eating and 38 are all helpful to sound sleep. Such factors are largely within the control of any person. A bath at 39 , neither hot nor cool but of body temperature, may be helpful to sleep. Sleeping pills should never be taken except when suggested by a 40_.
31. A) wishedB)neededC) expectedD) wanted
32. A) seldomB) sometimesC) alwaysD) generally
33. A) childrenB) womenC) manD) few
34. A) hardlyB) extraC) a day'sD)good
35. A) the bestB) at allC) withoutD) a good
36. A) AsB) WhereC) UnlessD)When
37. A) a strong B) a mostC) a badD) an exciting
38. A) worry B) fearC) carelessnessD) hard work
39. A) anytime B) bed timeC) midnightD) lunch time
40. A) the sleeper B) a childC) a doctorD) parents
V. Writing (15 points)
Directions: In this part, you are required to write a composition entitled Haze and Air pollution in no less than 100 wards according to the following Chinese outline. Please remember to write it on the Answer Sheet.