(考试时间 60 分钟)
(总分 100 分)
I .Phonetics (5 points)
Directions: In each of the following groups of words, there are four underlined letters or letter combinations marked A, B, C and D. Compare the underlined parts and identify the one that is different from the others in pronunciation. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre.
1. A. debt
2. A. southern
3. A. chemical
4. A. pieces
5. A. certain
II. Situational Dialogues (15 points)
Section A (5 points)
Directions: In this section there are 5 short dialogues. For each dialogue, there are 4 choices marked A, B, C and D. You are required to choose the ONE that best fits into the dialogue. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
6. - What’s the date today?
A. It’s Monday.
B. It’s the first of May.
C. It's windy today.
D. Very nice.
7. - How are you feeling today?
A. Much better after two shots.
B. Thank you for asking.
C. I've got to work.
D. You’re welcome.
8. - Are you telling the truth?
A. Yes, I do.
B. No, thank you.
C. Yes, I have to.
D. No, it was a lie.
9. - Lovely weather, isn’t it?
A. No, it is going to rain!
B. Yes, isn’t it!
C. Well, I don’t like it.
D. No, isn’t it?
10. - Thank you so much for the gift you bought for me.
A. No thanks.
B. Hope you like it.
C. No, it’s not so good.
D. Please don’t say so.
Section B (10 points)
Directions: In this section there is a long conversation with 5 missing sentences. At the end of the conversation, there is a list of given choices. You are required to select the ONE that best fits into the conversation. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center. Note that there are two additional choices and you can not use any of the choices in the list more than once.
M: Hello, Alice.11______ That’s a beautiful skirt you are wearing.
W: Thank you, Mark.
M:12 _I’d like to buy one for my sister.
W: I bought it at Wangfujing Department Store.
M: Oh, I know. Do you think it’s an appropriate gift for my sister?13_____
W: Of course. I think your sister will like it very much.
W: Yes, altogether there are 5 colors —black, yellow, blue, red and white. I prefer the red one.
M: How much is it?
W: It’s $98.
W: Not at all.
A. Where did you buy it?
B. Which color do you like best?
C. You look so attractive.
D. Are there any other colors?
E. I see, thank you.
F. Since her birthday is coming.
G. Why do you want to buy it?
III. Reading Comprehension (45 points)
Section A (30 points)
Directions: There are three passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. You are required to choose the ONE that best fits into the statement. Mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
Questions 16--20 are based on the following passage.
Tokyo is one of those places that you can love and hate at the same time.
In Tokyo there are always too many people in the places where I want to be. Of course there are too many cars. The Japanese drive very fast when they can, but in Tokyo they often spend a long time in traffic jams. Tokyo is not different from London, Paris and New York in that. It is different when one wants to walk. At certain times of the day there are a lot of people on foot in London’s Oxford Street. But the streets near the Ginza in Tokyo always have a lot of people on foot, and sometimes it is really difficult to walk. People are very polite; there are just too many of them. The worst time to be in the street is at 11:30 at night. That is when the nightclubs are closing and everybody wants to go home. There are 35,000 nightclubs in Tokyo, and you do not often see one that is empty.
During the day, most people travel to and from work by train, Tokyo people buy six million train tickets every day. At most stations, trains arrive every two or three minutes, but at certain hours there do not seem to be enough trains. Although they are usually crowded, Japanese trains are very good. They always leave and arrive on time. On a London train you would see everybody reading a newspaper. In Tokyo trains everybody in a seat seems to be asleep, whether his journey is long or short.
I stood outside the station for five minutes. Three fire-engines raced past on the way to one of the many fires that Tokyo has every day. Tokyo has so many surprises that none of them can really surprise me now.
16. According to the passage, Tokyo is different from London in that_______.
A. it has a larger population
B. it is a bigger city
C. it is more difficult to go somewhere on foot
D. its people are friendlier and more polite
17. What time does the writer think is the worst time to go into the street?
A. When the nightclubs are closing.
B. Eight O’clock in the morning.
C. When the train is overcrowded.
D. When people travel to and from work.
18. What does the writer say about Japanese trains?
A. They are very nice and comfortable.
B. There are not enough trains.
C. They often run behind schedule.
D. They leave and arrive on schedule.
19. From the writer’s observation, we can see that fires break out______.
A. quite frequently
B. very rarely
D. only several times a day
20. Which of the following is true according to the passage?
A. In Tokyo you can easily find a quiet place to enjoy yourself.
B. The Japanese tend to drive very fast in Tokyo.
C. Although there are so many nightclubs in Tokyo, they are often crowded.
D. Only if the journey is long, the passengers in Tokyo trains seem to be asleep.
Questions 21-25 are based on the following passage.
The dog has often been an unselfish friend to man. It is always grateful to its master. It helps man in many ways. Certain breeds of dogs are used in criminal investigations. They are trained to sniff out drugs and bombs. They help police to catch criminals.
The dogs that help in criminal investigations are trained at a school called the Military Dog Studies Branch of the U.S. Air Force in Lackland, Texas. The dogs to be trained are selected by an air force team. This team visits large cities across the country to buy the dogs. They may buy dogs from private citizens for up to $750 each. Some citizens freely give their dogs. The dogs selected must be healthy, brave and aggressive. They must be able to fight back if they are attacked. The dogs chosen are between the ages of one and three. They are given a medical examination when they arrive at the school. Their physical examination includes X-rays and heart tests. The trainee dogs undergo the first stage of training when they arrive in Lackland. This is an 11-week course for patrol duty. After this course, the best dogs are selected to go on another 9-week course. They learn drug-sniffing or bomb-sniffing. After this course, the dogs are ready for their jobs in the cities or on air force bases.
The training given to a drug-sniffing dog is different from that given to a bomb-sniffing dog. A drug-sniffing dog is trained to scratch and dig for the drugs when he sniffs them. A bomb-sniffing dog sits down when he finds a bomb, which is the alert for hidden explosives.
21. The dog has been an unselfish friend to man, because_________.
A. certain dogs are helpful to police
B. it is always grateful to its master
C. it helps man in many ways
D. of what has been stated in both B and C
22. From this passage we’ve got to know that the police take advantage of the dog’s_______.
A. sensitive ears
B. sensitive nose
C. gratitude to its master
D. ability in investigation
23. Which of the following is NOT mentioned in this passage?
A. The trainer team buys dogs in large cities.
B. The trainer team accepts dogs given by some citizens.
C. The trainer team raises dogs all by themselves instead of buying them.
D. The trainer team buys dogs suitable for training.
24. Which of the following is NOT true according to this passage?
A. A dog suitable for training may be bought at a price of $500.
B. After an 11-week course, all the dogs can be used for patrol duty.
C. The best dogs are selected for further training.
D. A two-year-old dog may be a goad choice for training.
25. A bomb-sniffing dog sits down to____when it finds a bomb.
A. call its master’s attention to possible danger
B. call its master’s attention to hidden drugs
C. make a safety report
D. let its master know it is feeling tired
Question 26-30 are based on the following passage.
Over the past ten years, people — especially young people — have come to realize the need to change their eating habits, because much of the food they eat, particularly processed foods, is not good for the health. As a result, there has been a growing interest in natural foods: foods which do not contain chemicals and which have not been affected by the chemical fertilizers widely used in farming today.
Natural foods include vegetables, fruit and grain which have been grown in soil that is rich in essential vitamins and minerals. This is a natural process, in comparison with the use of chemicals and fertilizers. In the latter case, the main purpose is to increase the amount — but not the quality — of foods grown in commercial farming areas.
Natural foods also include animals which have been allowed to feed and move freely in the outdoors. Compare this with what happens in the mass production of poultry: in some farms, for example, thousands of chickens live crowded together. Chickens raised in this way often do not taste good as food; they also produce eggs which lack important vitamins.
There are other aspects of healthy eating which are now receiving increasing attention from experts on diet. Take, for example, the question of sugar. This is actually a non-essential food! Although a natural product, such as honey, can be good to taste, we can in fact do without it.
There are no vitamins in it, no minerals — and no fiber. All it does is provide us with energy, in the form of calories. Of course, sugar is not harmful in itself, but eating too much of it will cause problems. The fact is that the quantity of sugar we use has grown quickly over the last two hundred years and in Britain today each person consumes an average of 200 pounds of sugar a year!
Nowadays fiber is considered to be an essential part of a healthy diet. A lot of fiber is found in unprocessed flour and in many vegetables. However, the fiber has been removed in foods like white bread. In some countries where the national diet contains large quantities of unrefined flour and vegetables, certain diseases are comparatively rare. That is why modern experts on “healthy eating” place a lot of emphasis on the eating of vegetables.
26. Which of the following statements is true according to the passage?
A. Today, it is still a widely adopted practice to chemically fertilize crops.
B. Natural foods are foods produced in large quantities.
C. Today people are no longer eating foods containing chemicals.
D. Processed foods are more welcomed than natural foods.
27. In the second paragraph of this passage, “the latter case” refers to________.
A. natural process
C. the use of chemicals and fertilizers
28. Growing vegetables in natural process means to_________.
B. improve their quality
C. use fertilizer
D. attract more attention from people
29. According to the writer，we can in fact eat________.
A. no fat
B. no sugar
C. no vegetables
D. no vitamins
30. The meaning of the last word “vegetables” in this passage is_____.
A. vegetables grown in natural process
B. vegetables grown with the use of chemicals and fertilizers
C. essential part of a healthy diet
D. not especially defined
Section B (15 points)
Directions: in this section, there is a passage with ten blanks. You are required to select one word each blank from a list of choices given in a word bank following the passage. Read the passage through carefully before making your choice. Each choice in blank is identified by a letter. Please mark the corresponding letter for each item on the answer sheet with a single line through the center. you may not use any of the words in the bank more than once.
Question 31-40 are based on the following passage.
Concerning money or anything else, conflicts between husband and wife usually reflect a power struggle. Conflicts between parent and child often center around the same issue. As children enter adolescence(青春期), they begin to demand greater ___31___ to go where they please, do what they please, and make ___32___ without parental interference. Many American parents do not know how to deal with their teenagers and ___33___ advice from books, lectures, and parent-training courses. Parents want to ___34___ a friendly relationship with their teenagers and also want to guide them so that their behavior will be whatever the parents consider ___35___ and constructive.
But in a society of rapidly changing social and moral values, parents and children often ___36___ about what is important and what is right.
Arguments may concern such unimportant matters as styles of dress or hairdos. But ___37___ may also concern school work, after school jobs, decisions, use of the family car, dating, and sexual behavior. Some families have serious problems with teenagers who drop out of school, run away from home, or use illegal drugs. Be cause so much publicity is given to the problem teenager, one gets the impression that all teenagers are troublemakers. Actually, ___38___ few adolescents do anything wrong, and nearly all grow up into "solid citizens" who ___39___ most of their parents' expectations. In fact, re cent studies show that the "generation gap" is narrowing.
The vast ___40___ of teenagers share most of their parents' values and ideas. Many parents feel that they get along with their adolescents quite well.
IV. Cloze (30 points )
Directions: There are 20 blanks in the following passage. For each blank there are four choices marked A,B,C and D. You are required to choose the ONE that best fits into the passage. Then mark the corresponding letter on the answer sheet with a single line through the center.
Some students at the Open University left school 20 years ago. Others are ___41___ but all must be at least 21 years old. This is ___42___ example of how the Open University is different ___43___ all other universities. Its students must either work ___44___ time or be at home all day, ___45___ instance, mothers of families. They don not ___46___ to pass any examination before they are ___47___ as students. This is ___48___ the university is called open. The university was ___49___ in order to help a ___50___ group people who missed ___51___ a university education when they were young.
The first name for the Open University was The University of the Air. The idea was to teach on the air, in other words, ___52___ radio and television. Most of the ___53___ is done like this.
Radio and television have brought the classroom into people’s ___54___. But this, on its own, is not enough for a university education. The Open University student also ___55___ advice at one of 283 study centers in the county. 36 weeks of the year he has to send ___56___ work to a tutor, the person who ___57___ him. He must also spend three weeks every summer ___58___ a full time student. Tutors and teachers ___59___ and study together, as in other universities. At the end of the Open University’s first year, the results were good. Three or four students passed their examinations. ___60___ they do this every year, they will finish their studies in four or five years.
41. A. young
42. A. a
43. A. of
44. A. either
45. A. as
46. A. get
47. A. accepted
48. A. that
49. A. served
50. A. knowing
51. A. having
B. to have
D. to enter
52. A. in
53. A. work
54. A. houses
55. A. receives
56. A. writing
57. A. guided
58. A. for
59. A. come
60. A. When
V. Writing(25 points)
Directions: In this part, you are required to write a composition entitled Hi! Jack: in no less than 100 words according to the following Chinese outline. Please remember to write it on the composition sheet.
注意：禁止在文中出现与本人真实姓名及校名、地名等相关信息。如果有需要，请以 Li Ming,my college, our city / town 等替代，如有违规，本题得分无效。
1. 以 Hi! Jack:为题头给好朋友(Jack)写一封 E-mail。